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Submitted: 23 Nov 2023
Revision: 15 Dec 2023
Accepted: 19 Dec 2023
ePublished: 29 Dec 2023
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Avicenna J Clin Microbiol Infect. 2023;10(4): 131-136.
doi: 10.34172/ajcmi.3514
  Abstract View: 305
  PDF Download: 133

Original Article

The Antimicrobial Activity of Propolis Ethanolic Extract and Silver Nanoparticles Synthesized by Green Method on Gram-Positive and Negative Bacteria

Zahra Karimitabar 1 ORCID logo, Abbas Farmani 2, Masoud Azimzadeh 3, Mohammad Sina Alikhani 3, Masoud Moghadam Shakib 1, Mohammad Yousef Alikhani 4* ORCID logo

1 Department of Microbiology, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Dental Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4 Infectious Disease Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Mohammad Yousef Alikhani, Emails: alikhani@umsha.ac.ir, Email: alikhani43@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: The increasing resistance of bacteria to different classes of antibiotics has become an important public health concern. This study was aimed at the effectiveness of the antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles and propolis (AgNPs@propolis) on bacteria.

Methods: A hydroalcoholic extract of propolis was used for prepare of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs@propolis). The characteristics, anti-bacterial effect and cell toxicity of AgNPs@propolis were examined in vitro.

Results: The size of the synthesized nanoparticles was 32 to 85 nm. The AgNPs@propolis had no toxic effect up to a concentration of 200 μg/mL. Compared to AgNPs and propolis, AgNPs@ propolis showed a greater inhibitory effect on the growth of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. propolis as a natural substance has an inhibitory effect on the growth of bacteria.

Conclusion: Green synthesis of AgNPs@propolis has a low toxic effect on the cell and has a high effect in inhibiting the growth of various bacteria.


Please cite this article as follows: Karimitabar Z, Farmani A, Azimzadeh M, Alikhani MS, Moghadam Shakib M, Alikhani MY. The antimicrobial activity of propolis ethanolic extract and silver nanoparticles synthesized by green method on gram-positive and negative bacteria. Avicenna J Clin Microbiol Infect. 2023; 10(4):131-136. doi:10.34172/ajcmi.3514
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