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Submitted: 09 Jun 2023
Revision: 15 Jun 2023
Accepted: 21 Jun 2023
ePublished: 29 Jun 2023
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Avicenna J Clin Microbiol Infect. 2023;10(2): 70-74.
doi: 10.34172/ajcmi.3485
  Abstract View: 408
  PDF Download: 267

Original Article

Investigation of the Most Common Bacterial Strains in Diabetic Foot Ulcer Patients

Mohsen Rezazadeh 1 ORCID logo, Fatemeh Hajian 1, Esmat Radmanesh 2, Fatemeh Maghsoudi 3, Alireza Hazbenejad 1, Sara Mobarak 4* ORCID logo

1 Student Research Committee, Abadan University of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran
2 Department of Medical Physiology, School of Medicine, Abadan University of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran
3 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Abadan University of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran
4 Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Abadan University of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Sara Mobarak, Email: dr.mobarak92@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Diabetes has been one of the most prevalent medical illnesses, and diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) infections are the main causes of hospitalization in diabetics. The present study aimed to investigate the factors contributing to DFUs in patients referred to Taleghani Hospital in Abadan.

Methods: In this study, the data of 316 diabetic patients with DFUs referred to Taleghani Hospital in Abadan from March 21, 2019, to March 19, 2020, were analyzed by SPSS version 22.0.

Results: The study revealed that out of the 316 patients, 212 (67.1%) were male and 104 (32.9%) were female. Additionally, 64.3% of them had type 2 diabetes. Most of the patients had third-degree ulcers (60.4%) and 26.9% had amputations. Staphylococcus aureus (34.5%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (30.4%) were the most prevalent bacteria isolated from DFUs. The highest frequency of antibiotic resistance was reported for Cotrimoxazole (33%) and Tetracycline (28.2%).

Conclusion: In conclusion, Gram-positive bacteria had a higher prevalence compared to gram-negative bacteria. It is essential to conduct periodic examinations to reduce the risk of health-threatening complications in diabetic patients.


Please cite this article as follows: Rezazadeh M, Hajian F, Radmanesh E, Maghsoudi F, Hazbenejad A, Mobarak S. Investigation of the most common bacterial strains in diabetic foot ulcer patients. Avicenna J Clin Microbiol Infect. 2023; 10(2):70-74. doi:10.34172/ ajcmi.3485
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