Submitted: 16 Jan 2021
Accepted: 25 Apr 2021
ePublished: 29 Sep 2021
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Avicenna J Clin Microbiol Infect. 2021;8(3): 102-107.
doi: 10.34172/ajcmi.2021.19
  Abstract View: 445
  PDF Download: 224

Original Article

A Survey of Awareness and Stress of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in a Part of the Iranian Population

Javid Taghinejad 1 ORCID logo, Farnaz Zakikhani 2 ORCID logo, Asghar Esmaeili 3 ORCID logo, Mehdi Golshan 4 ORCID logo, Mahdieh Emadi 5* ORCID logo, Sara Alami 6 ORCID logo

1 Department of Microbiology, Malekan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Malekan, Iran
2 Researcher and CEO of Rasa Gene, Shiraz, Iran
3 Department of Statistics, Salmas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Salmas, Iran
4 Organ Transplant Research Center, Booalisina Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
5 Department of Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
6 Department of Biology, Payam Noor University, Shahin Shahr, Iran
*Corresponding Author: *Corresponding author: Mahdieh Emadi, Department of Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. Tel: 00989358597519, Email: , Email: mahdiehemadi8@ gmail.com


Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) includes a large family of Coronaviridae, which was first found in Wuhan, China in 2019, and has caused a global pandemic. This study aimed was to assess the awareness, stress, and fear of this disease in part of the Iranian population.

Methods: Based on the aim of this cross-sectional and analytical study, electronic questionnaires were sent to 201 of the Iranian population. The statistical data from inferential chi-square and Spearman tests were analyzed with IBM SPSS Statistics (version 24), and the level of significance was considered at 0.05.

Results: The findings showed that 69.07% of the population was from northern Iran. The awareness level of the majority of people (76.06%) was reported to be favorable. The highest and lowest levels of awareness in people with higher education and unemployed people, respectively, showed meaningful significance between education level and age. Finally, the amount of stress to COVID-19 revealed a significant relationship with age.

Conclusions: Based on the obtained results, awareness about age and education was reported to be at the desired level. At the beginning of the outbreak, the anxiety level of people was high while its rate decreased by gaining awareness of the prevention of this debase, indicating the importance of personal health and self-care in society

Keywords: Awareness, COVID-19, Iran, Stress

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