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Submitted: 06 Jan 2020
Accepted: 10 Mar 2020
ePublished: 30 Mar 2020
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Avicenna J Clin Microbiol Infect. 2020;7(1): 22-26.
doi: 10.34172/ajcmi.2020.04
  Abstract View: 38
  PDF Download: 1

Original Article

Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated to Neospora caninum (Apicomplexa: Toxoplasmatidae) in Pet Dogs From Hamadan, West of Iran, 2016

Jamal Gharekhani 1,2 * ORCID logo, Mohammad Yakhchali 2, Reza Khaltabadi-Farahani 3,4

1 Department of Laboratory Sciences, Central Veterinary Laboratory, Iranian Veterinary Organization, Hamadan, Iran.
2 Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.
3 Department of Molecular Biology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
4 Department of Molecular Biology, National Veterinary Reference Laboratory, Iranian Veterinary Organization, Tehran, Iran.
*Corresponding author: Jamal Gharekhani, Department of Laboratory Sciences, Central Veterinary Laboratory, Iranian Veterinary Organization, Hamadan, Iran, Postal Code: 6519611156, Tel: + (98)81 32651801, Fax: + (98)81 32644474, Email: Gharekhani_76@ yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: Neosporosis is considered as a ubiquitous disease in Iran and other countries. This research was expected to determine the prevalence and related risk factors of Neospora caninum in household dogs in Hamadan Municipality, Iran.

Methods: A total of 184 whole blood was evaluated for the presence of antibodies to N. caninum by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). All seropositive animals were affirmed by molecular techniques.

Results: Based on serology and molecular methods, N. caninum infection was detected in 4.9% (95% CI = 4.9 ± 3.1%) of animals. In addition, the highest infection rate was significantly recognized in female dogs (57.1%) with under 6 months old (54.4%). Additionally, the clinical signs of neosporosis were observed in 2 out of 4 positive dogs (P<0.0001, odds ratio [OR] = 24.71). Finally, the infection had no significant connection (P>0.05) with breeding, food regime, housing, and direct contact with infected animals.

Conclusions: In general, the serological and molecular outcomes were parallel together. It was concluded that this is a universal assessment of risk factors related to N. caninum in Iranian house dogs for the first time.

Keywords: Neospora caninum, PetS, Dogs, Iran, ELISA, PCR
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