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Submitted: 09 Nov 2015
Revision: 08 Jun 2016
Accepted: 16 Jun 2016
ePublished: 01 Aug 2016
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Avicenna J Clin Microbiol Infect. 2017;4(1): 34335.
doi: 10.17795/ajcmi-34335
  Abstract View: 974
  PDF Download: 679

Research Article

Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections Among Primary School Children in Bushehr, Iran

Afshin Barazesh 1,2*, Moradali Fouladvand 1, Rahim Tahmasebi 3, Ali Heydari 2, Faramarz Kooshesh 4

1 The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, IR Iran
2 Student Research Committee, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, IR Iran
3 Department of Statistics, Faculty of Health and Nutrition, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, IR Iran
4 Department of Operating Room, Faculty of Para Medicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, IR Iran
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding author: Afshin Barazesh, Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran. Tel: +98-9171860724, Fax: +98-7132305291, Email: afshin914@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Due to their weak immune systems, contact with soil, and failure to comply with hygiene principles, the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection is high among children.

Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection and the effects of various factors among elementary school children in Bushehr, Iran.

Methods: Following coordination with the education office, schools were randomly selected from different areas, and fecal samples were collected from 203 males and females students at different education levels. The samples were examined using the formalinether sedimentation technique. The data were collected via questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS 18.0 and the Chi-squared test.

Results: Approximately 25.1% of the children were infected with at least one type of intestinal parasite, and 5.9% of them were infected with more than one species. The highest prevalence was apparent in children at education levels 4 and 5. There was no significant relationship between infection and parents’ education and some clinical symptoms, such as abdominal pain, loss of appetite, and nausea, but there was a significant relationship with the number of family members.

Conclusions: The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections was relatively high among the schoolchildren in this study. Since these parasites can cause anemia and dysfunctional nutrient absorption, growth, and learning among children, it is suggested that training courses be held for parents and that basic steps be taken to improve the level of hygiene in the region to prevent the transmission of these parasites.

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