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Submitted: 16 Aug 2015
Revision: 13 Feb 2016
Accepted: 04 Apr 2016
ePublished: 17 Jul 2016
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Avicenna J Clin Microbiol Infect. 2017;4(1): 32474.
doi: 10.17795/ajcmi-32474
  Abstract View: 769
  PDF Download: 568

Research Article

The Parasitic Contamination of Farm Vegetables in Asadabad City, West of Iran, in 2014

Mohammad Matini 1,2*, Tayebeh Shamsi-Ehsan 1,2, Amir Hossein Maghsood 2

1 Students Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
2 Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding author: Mohammad Matini, Students Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran. Tel: +98-8138380572, Fax: +98-8138380208, Email: matini@umsha.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: Consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables is a basic component of a healthy diet. Thus, the consumption of vegetables can have an important role in public health.

Objectives: Because of this concern, a prevalence study of parasitic contamination was carried out on raw vegetables to estimate the human risk of parasitic infections in Asadabad city, west of Iran.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 383 samples of different vegetables were obtained randomly from 12 vegetable farms in and around Asadabad. These samples included 10 types of seasonal vegetables: coriander, radish, spring onion, leek, parsley, tarragon, savory, basil,mint, and cress. The samples were examined by two parasitologicalmethods: sedimentation and floatation techniques.

Results: Parasitic contaminations were detected in 34 (8.4%) vegetable samples, including five pathogenic and two non-pathogenic parasites. The parasites identified were Giardia intestinalis (1.6%), Entamoeba coli (2.6%), Toxocara spp. (0.8%), Fasciola spp. (0.5%), Taenia spp. (0.3%), Dicrocoelium dendriticum (0.3%), and free-living larvae (2.3%). Among the infested samples, coriander was the most contaminated vegetable (15.8%). The relationship between contamination of vegetables and untreated water used on farms was significant (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: The results implicate the importance of consumption of vegetables in the spread of parasitic diseases in the studied region. Thus, some basic hygiene measures should be carried out to improve public health and reduce infectious disease rates.


Copyright © 2016, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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