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Submitted: 24 Jun 2023
Revision: 09 Jan 2024
Accepted: 22 Jan 2024
ePublished: 30 Mar 2024
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Avicenna J Clin Microbiol Infect. 2024;11(1): 38-41.
doi: 10.34172/ajcmi.3464
  Abstract View: 97
  PDF Download: 12

Original Article

Prevalence of Trichomoniasis in Women Attending Health Centers in Asadabad City, West of Iran, During 2021-2022

Ali Azimi Kohn 1 ORCID logo, Faeze Foroughi-Parvar 2, Sepehr Matini 1,3, Mohammad Matini 2* ORCID logo

1 Students Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Mohammad Matini, Email: matini@umsha.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: Trichomonal vaginitis or trichomoniasis is one of the most common non-viral sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the world, which has significant health consequences. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of this infection in women of Asadabad city and to investigate its epidemiological factors.

Methods: In this study, 291 women referred to health centers in Asadabad were examined for Trichomonas vaginalis infection by parasitological methods. The data were analyzed by chi-square test.

Results: Out of 291 women, 7 (2.4%, with 95% confidence interval: 0.7-4.1%) were infected with T. vaginalis. Seven people were diagnosed by culture method and 4 people were diagnosed by direct smear method. The age of participants ranged from 19 to 65 years with an average of 38.2 years. The age group of 29-38 years old was the most infected group with 4 cases of infection. Their education level ranged from illiterate to university education. Considering marriage and occupation, 97.5% were married and 91.1% were housewives. The most common clinical signs and symptoms observed in people infected with T. vaginalis were vaginal discharge and pain in the lower abdomen. There was no statistically significant relationship between trichomoniasis and any of the studied variables (P>0.05).

Conclusion: The results of this study show a relatively low prevalence of trichomonal vaginitis in this region. However considering the health importance of the infection in the community, it is expected that effective measures will be taken to improve people’s awareness and public health.


Please cite this article as follows: Azimi Kohn A, Foroughi-Parvar F, Matini S, Matini M. Prevalence of trichomoniasis in women attending health centers in Asadabad city, West of Iran, during 2021-2022. Avicenna J Clin Microbiol Infect. 2024; 11(1):38-41. doi:10.34172/ajcmi.3464
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