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Submitted: 11 Jan 2016
Revised: 12 Jun 2016
Accepted: 12 Jul 2016
First published online: 01 Aug 2016
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Avicenna J Clin Microbiol Infect. 2016;3(3): e35694.
doi: 10.17795/ajcmi-35694
  Abstract View: 163
  PDF Download: 158

Research Article

The Study of the Inhibition Effects of Satureja khuzestaniea Essence on the Gene Expression of bla-OXA-23 in Multidrug-Resistant Strains of Acinetobacter baumannii

Hossein Saghi 1,2, Ferdoes Amiri Dastjerdi 3, Bahador Zahedi 4, Mohammad Mohsen Pour 1, Mahmoud Khorrami 2, Majid Efati 2, Davoud Esmaeili 1 *

1 Department of Microbiology, Baqiyatallah University Medical of Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
3 Nursing Care Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, IR Iran
4 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran
Corresponding author: Davoud Esmaeili, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran. Tel: +98-218052941 Email: esm114@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the Gram-negative bacteria in nosocomial infections that is resistant to treatment and control. The isolation of these bacteria is increasing significantly throughout the world. With increasing populations and a reduction in the use of synthetic drugs, many of these medicinal herbs are replacing other treatments.

Objectives: The present study aims to investigate the inhibitory effects of Satureja khuzestaniea essence on the expression of the antibiotic resistance genes bla-OXA-23 and Housekeeping DNA gyrase-A in multidrug-resistant strains of Acinetobacter baumannii, using the RT-PCR technique.

Methods: Satureja khuzestaniea essential oil was collected from the Barij essence research farm in May 2010. Fivemultidrug-resistant strains of Acinetobacter baumanniithat contain the bla-OXA-23 and housekeeping DNA gyrase-A genes were selected. The disk diffusion method was used to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of essential oil, and major components were used. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of the Satureja khuzestaniea essential oil were determined via a broth macro dilution assay, as recommended by the CLSI. Finally, an analysis of the bla-OXA-23 and Housekeeping DNA gyrase-A was performed using the RT-PCR technique.

Results: The major components of Satureja khuzestaniea essence are carvacrol (90.88%), ρ-cymene (3.11%), γ terpinene (1.24%), and linalool (0.91%). The RT-PCR technique demonstrates that Satureja khuzestaniea with an MIC of 0.2 µL/mL has the effect of reducing the expression of the antibiotic resistance gene bla-OXA-2. The essence has no inhibitory effect, however, on the Housekeeping DNA gyrase-A gene.

Conclusions: This study indicates that Satureja khuzestaniea essence has inhibitory effects on the gene expression of antibiotic resistance in bla-OXA-23 that has a high MIC. Given that this essence has a good inhibitory effect on gene expression in MDR Acinetobacter baumannii and bla-OXA-23, the results indicate that it could be used as a natural way to prevent the growth of Acinetobacter baumannii.

Keywords: RT-PCR, bla-OXA-23, Satureja khuzestaniea
Copyright © 2016, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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