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Submitted: 08 Oct 2018
Accepted: 23 Jan 2019
First published online: 28 Feb 2019
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Avicenna J Clin Microbiol Infect. 2019;6(1):26-30.
doi: 10.15171/ajcmi.2019.06
  Abstract View: 21
  PDF Download: 31

Research Article

In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oils Against Gram-Negative Bacteria

Ayman AL-Mariri 1 * ORCID logo, Adnan Odeh 2, Bassel Alobeid 1, Hassan Boukai 1

1 Immunology and Microbiology Division, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Atomic Energy Commission of Syria, Damascus, Syria
2 Department of Chemistry, Atomic Energy Commission of Syria, Damascus, Syria

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to determine the chemical composition of Origanum syriacum L., as well as to assess the antimicrobial activity of O. syriacum essential oil and its constituents.

Methods: To this end, O. syriacum plants were collected from their native growing locations in western and coastal governorates of Syria. Next, the composition of the essential oil from every station was determined by gas chromatography (GC) and then by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to estimate the number and the quantity of all components. Preparative-HPLC was used to isolate the essential oil components. Then, the identified constituents of the essential oils were confirmed utilizing GC-mass spectrometry. Microdilution broth susceptibility assay was applied and the first well without turbidity was considered as the minimum inhibitory concentration.

Results: The results showed that ß-myrcene (21.93%), carvacrol (19.20%), anisaldehyde (7.57%), thymol (7.40%), γ–terpinene (5.27%), and sabinene (4.43%) were the main components of bulk essential oils. Similarly, only minor qualitative and quantitative variation was found between locations. The antibacterial activity of bulk essential oil and its components was evaluated against gram-negative local isolates of Escherichia coli O157, Salmonella enterica, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Yersinia enterocolitica O9, Brucella melitensis, Proteus mirabilis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Although the bulk essential oil inhibits all the bacteria except for E. coli O157 at the highest tested concentration (48 μL/mL), the essential oil components differ in their antibacterial activity.

Conclusions: Overall, thymol and carvacrol represented the most antibacterial activity compared to the other substances.

Keywords: Essential Oil, Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), Origanum syriacum, Gram-negative bacteria
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