Submitted: 14 Apr 2018
Accepted: 08 Aug 2018
First published online: 29 Dec 2018
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Avicenna J Clin Microbiol Infect. 2018;5(4):73-76.
doi: 10.15171/ajcmi.2018.15
  Abstract View: 21
  PDF Download: 30

Research Article

Seroprevalence of Hepatitis A Antibody in Patients Admitted to the Psychiatric Ward of Sina Hospital, Hamadan

Peyman Eini 1 * , Abbas Moradi 2, Roghayeh Sedighi 3, Pooya Eini 4

1 Department of Infectious Diseases, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 General Practitioner, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4 Medical Student, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding author: Peyman Eini, Associate Professor of Infectious Diseases. Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. Email: Email: eini@umsha.ac.ir

Article

Background: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is one of the most common health problems worldwide and has the highest prevalence in societies with low to moderate social class. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of hepatitis A antibody in the patients admitted to the psychiatric ward of Sina hospital, Hamadan, Iran.

Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 270 patients hospitalized in the psychiatric ward of Sina hospital were evaluated in 2015. Blood samples were analyzed by ELISA method and the HAV IgG antibody were measured in them. SPSS software version 16.0 was used to analyze the data.

Results: Hepatitis A test result was positive in 70.4% of the participants. The per capita income, household size, sex, educational level, place of residence, and occupational status were not significantly different between the patients who were seropositive for the hepatitis A antibody and HAV negative patients (P <0.05). The highest incidence was observed in the people with mood disorders. However, there was no difference in the type of disease between the patients who were seropositive for the IgG antibody and the HAV negative patients.

Conclusions: Based on the results, the prevalence of HAV among urban and rural populations was not significantly different. The study patients were seropositive for IgG antibodies for HAV in the rates similar to those of populations with high prevalence of the disease, indicating a low level of health status in the community

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